Security 101

Startup Security

10 Essential Security Steps for Tech Startups

In the rapidly evolving digital landscape, technology startups are increasingly vulnerable to cyber threats and data breaches. On top of that, investors are growing more and more sensitive to security matters, requiring startups to build well documented information security programs.


To safeguard sensitive data and build trust with stakeholders, these emerging startups must prioritize robust information security measures and adhere to compliance standards such as the Service Organization Control 2 (SOC2). This article outlines the critical steps that startups must take to meet the basic information security and SOC2 compliance requirements.

Understand the SOC2 Framework

Before diving into the compliance process, it’s crucial for startups to comprehend the SOC2 framework. SOC2 is specifically designed for service providers storing customer data in the cloud, and it requires companies to establish and follow strict information security policies and procedures.

Key Terms:

  • SOC2 Compliance: A certification process that ensures a company’s information security measures are in line with the high standards set by the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA).
  • Information Security: The practice of protecting electronic information by mitigating information risks and vulnerabilities.

Implement a Strong Security Infrastructure

Startups must design and implement a robust security infrastructure that includes the following:

  • Security Audits and Assessments: Regularly audit the security infrastructure for any weak points or potential improvements.
  • Regular Training: Conduct ongoing security awareness training for all employees to ensure they understand the security infrastructure and their role in maintaining it.
  • Phishing Simulations: Use phishing simulation tools to train employees on how to spot and respond to attempted phishing attacks.
  • Anti-malware Software: Protect all endpoints from malware and viruses by using reputable anti-malware software that is regularly updated.
  • Device Management: Enforce security policies on all devices that access the company network, including mobile devices and personal devices if BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) is allowed.
  • Cloud Security: If using cloud services, ensure that cloud configurations are secure and follow the cloud provider’s best practices for security.
  • Authentication Protocols: Establish strong user authentication protocols, such as two-factor authentication (2FA) or multi-factor authentication (MFA), to ensure that only authorized individuals can access sensitive systems and data.
  • Access Controls: Establishing proper access controls to ensure that only authorized personnel can interact with sensitive data. This means maintaining proper security groups and granting appropriate permissions to all users. 
  • Intrusion Detection Systems: Utilizing IDS to monitor and detect any unauthorized access or anomalies in the system.

Conduct Risk Assessments

Regular risk assessments are essential to identify potential security threats and vulnerabilities. This proactive approach enables startups to address gaps in their security posture before they can be exploited.

Develop Information Security Policies

IT security policies are formal documents that outline a startup’s approach to information security and the measures it takes to protect client data. These policies should be comprehensive, detailing everything from employee training to incident response plans.

Train Employees on Best Practices

Human error can often be the weakest link in security. Providing ongoing training for employees on security awareness and best practices is imperative to maintain a secure environment.

Establish Incident Response and Disaster Recovery Plans

In the event of a security breach or loss of data, having an incident response plan ensures that startups can quickly mitigate damage, while a disaster recovery plan facilitates the restoration of services and data with minimal downtime.

Engage in Continuous Monitoring

Continuous monitoring of the IT infrastructure allows for the immediate detection of security incidents. Startups should invest in security information and event management (SIEM) systems to streamline this process.

Partner with a Experienced Security Consultant

Partnering with a reputable security and compliance firm is always a smart way to get a head start. Utilizing outside professionals to assist you with preparing your company for SOC 2 as well as other compliance standards can save you time and get your company secure in less time. 

Document Compliance Efforts

Tickets, tickets, tickets! Maintaining thorough documentation of all compliance efforts is crucial. This includes records of risk assessments, policy changes, training sessions, security incidents, and remediation actions. Utilize a ticketing system to track every event and provide an auditable information trail.

Regularly Review and Update Security Measures

With technology and threats constantly evolving, startups must regularly review and update their security measures to remain compliant with SOC2 standards.

For technology startups, meeting basic information security and SOC2 compliance requirements is not just about checking a box. It’s about demonstrating a commitment to security best practices and protecting stakeholders’ interests. By understanding the SOC2 framework, implementing strong security measures, conducting regular risk assessments, and engaging with certified auditors, startups can fortify their defenses against cyber threats and build a reputation for reliability and trustworthiness.

Who Is Adsero Security?

We are consulting firm built to help you secure your company and prepare for compliance.

Why Adsero?

Pressed with an audit deadline? Client asking for policies? Need a security testing report? We can help solve most security and compliance issues quickly to keep your business running and uninterrupted.

Who do you work with?

We have solutions to meet any company size, from 10 employee startups to 10,000 seat global enterprises. We work to build solutions to fit your needs.

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